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June 19 2017

surveyork
18:24

A Tack in the Shoe: Neutralizing and Resisting the New Surveillance

A Tack in the Shoe: Neutralizing and Resisting the New Surveillance

Journal of Social Issues, forthcoming May 2003, vol. 59 (2)

By Gary T. Marx

Professor Emeritus, MIT

In light of contemporary efforts to intensify the collection of personal information, this article, as well as articles elsewhere on this web site dealing with the engineering of social control and computer matching and profiling, may be of more than academic interest.

 

Abstract: Eleven behavioral techniques of neutralization intended to subvert the collection of personal information are discussed:  discovery moves, avoidance moves, piggy backing moves, switching moves, distorting moves, blocking moves, masking moves, breaking moves, refusal moves, cooperative moves and counter-surveillance moves. In Western liberal democracies the advantages of technological and other strategic surveillance developments are often short-lived and contain ironic vulnerabilities. The logistical and economic limits on total monitoring, the interpretive and contextual nature of many human situations, system complexity and interconnectedness, and the vulnerability of those engaged in surveillance to be compromised, provide ample room for resistance. Neutralization is a dynamic adversarial social dance involving strategic moves and counter-moves and should be studied as a conflict interaction process.

January 15 2015

surveyork
19:36

October 02 2014

surveyork
18:07

the U.S. Department of Commerce dumped another set of documents as a result of our request. One particular email from the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) — highlighted earlier this morning in Der Spiegel — caught our attention. It reveals how the Home Affairs department of the European Commission (DG Home) has been working alongside the U.S. administration during the early stages of the privacy reform effort.

The email is between staff working at the NTIA of the Department of Commerce. The email makes reference to the drafting of one of the lobby documents the Obama administration produced to influence the outcome of the data protection reform package (read EDRi’s analysis on the paper here). This is one of the many documents which likely contributed to a diluting of the Data Protection Regulation even before the proposal had been made public.

The email indicates that Commissioner Malmström and/or her cabinet had been sharing information with the U.S. Mission in the E.U., including appropriate times to publish the lobby document, information about internal politics within the Commission, and concerns about how the proposal for a Data Protection Directive could conflict with E.U. and U.S. Law Enforcement interests. In short, DG Home has been actively working to undermine a crucial reform for E.U. citizens’ fundamental rights to privacy and data protection.

For many who have been following the E.U. privacy reform debate closely, this trans-Atlantic cooperation was an open secret. However, until now, it has not been possible to demonstrate DG Home’s maneuvers. Beyond the implications for the Data Protection Reform, the contents of the acquired document give cause for concern about Ms. Malmström’s suitability for leading EU negotiations with the USA on the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP), given that she has recently been chosen E.U. Commissioner-designate for Trade.

September 15 2014

surveyork
08:56
AUCKLAND, New Zealand—The New Zealand spy agency, the Government Communications Security Bureau (GCSB), worked in 2012 and 2013 to implement a mass metadata surveillance system even as top government officials publicly insisted no such program was being planned and would not be legally permitted.

August 23 2014

surveyork
23:18

July 15 2014

surveyork
13:02
surveyork
12:45

November 27 2013

surveyork
00:04

The United States and its key intelligence allies are quietly working behind the scenes to kneecap a mounting movement in the United Nations to promote a universal human right to online privacy, according to diplomatic sources and an internal American government document obtained by The Cable.

The diplomatic battle is playing out in an obscure U.N. General Assembly committee that is considering a proposal by Brazil and Germany to place constraints on unchecked internet surveillance by the National Security Agency and other foreign intelligence services. American representatives have made it clear that they won't tolerate such checks on their global surveillance network. The stakes are high, particularly in Washington -- which is seeking to contain an international backlash against NSA spying -- and in Brasilia, where Brazilian President Dilma Roussef is personally involved in monitoring the U.N. negotiations.

October 09 2013

surveyork
12:32

A report released Tuesday synthesizes much of what Americans have been learning about piecemeal for the last few months: The U.S. government collects vast amounts of data from millions of American citizens who are not suspected of any wrongdoing.

The 80-page report, published by New York University School of Law’s Brennan Center for Justice, surveys the legal landscape that allows the federal government to collect and store data about Americans’ Internet activities, computer files, email and phone metadata, travel records and other information – often without a warrant or suspicion of criminal activity.

While the data collection is usually performed under the banner of increased security, the report concludes that there is little proof the practice has made the country safer, and that the programs have weakened Americans’ civil liberties.

“Having these storehouses (of data) begs for abuse, either now or down the line,” the study’s author, Rachel Levinson-Waldman, told Al Jazeera. “That's always one of the dangers, and we know that from our history.”

August 01 2013

surveyork
16:37

The National Security Agency is operating a massive database system that allows analysts to scour individuals' emails, chats and Internet browsing histories at will, according to a new report from The Guardian based on leaked documents.

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NSA program allows analysts to track emails, chats, web searches
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