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December 23 2019

surveyork
17:20

Christmas Traditions  --  Kathy Capoccia

“Christmas” celebrations are foreign to the pages of Scripture: Biblically, “Christmas” does not exist. There is no account of Christians gathering to celebrate the birth of Christ to be found anywhere in the New Testament. Even the wise men of Matthew’s account, who came in response to the appearance of His birth star in the sky, did not celebrate together about His birth (MAT 2:1-13); they traveled from their own country bearing gifts in order to worship the child (and the Scriptures indicate that this occurred long after Jesus was born—his family was living in a house, not a stable, and Jesus could have been as old as two years of age). Christians did not begin to celebrate the birth of Christ until the 2nd century AD. The Roman Catholic Church did not begin its “Feast of the Nativity” until AD 336.

Even the word “Christmas” itself is not Biblical: it comes from 4th century AD Roman Catholicism. The “mas” of Christmas comes from the Mass, or Eucharistic service of western Catholicism. That rite was concluded with the words, “Ite, Missa Est” (“Go, as it is ended”), with Missa (dismissal) eventually becoming the name of the rite itself. The Old English word, “Christmas” dates from 1050 AD; it was derived from the phrase, “Christes Maesse,” or “Mass of Christ.” “Xmas” is a 13th century form of shorthand representing the full word “Christmas” (“X” is the Greek abbreviation, chi, from Khristos, Christ). The word, “Christmas,” did not find full usage until the 9th century AD.

December 25th is not the true birth date of Christ. This day was apparently chosen to coincide with pagan mid-winter festivals in order to unify pagan and Christian worship celebrations within the Roman Empire. The Empire encompassed a vast territory encircling the Mediterranean Sea, stretching from Europe (England, Ireland, Spain, France, southern Germany, Italy, Sicily, Austria, Hungary, Romania, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Albania, Macedonia, Greece), to Asia Minor (southern Russia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Turkey, Crete), to the Middle East (Syria, Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Palestine, Lebanon, Israel), and to Africa (northern Egypt and the Nile Valley, northern Libya, Tunisia, northern Algeria, Morocco). The mystery religions of the Near East, India and Egypt had been spread to Europe by the Roman legions, and the Norse, Teutonic, and Celtic beliefs had spread eastward by the same means, so that various religious festivals were observed throughout the Empire at the same time.

December was an exceptionally important religious month. In Egypt, December 21st marked the date of the celebration of the death and resurrection of Osiris, the god of the underworld and judge of the dead, the husband of Isis. The end of the month saw the observance of the birthday (Dec. 26th) of Horus, son of Isis, the sun god and proto-type of human rulers, with a twelve-day festival conspicuous for its decorations of palms with twelve shoots (for the twelve months of the year). In northern Europe the Norse held a twelve-day feast of the solstice at the end of December. Jews throughout the Empire observed Hanukkah, or “the feast of lights” during December. Greeks worshipped Apollo, Attis, Dionysus, Helios, Herakles, Perseus, and Theseus in December. December also encompassed the celebration of the Roman Saturnalia, or “Saturn (god of the grain harvest) Festival,” a seven-day fair and festival of the home which began on December 17th (Saturn’s birthday) and ran through the 23rd. It was an emotional time of feasting open to everyone, celebrated with the exchange of gifts, merry-making, and decorating with boughs of laurel and evergreens. Lamps and candles burned continually, and a feeling of “goodwill” towards man prevailed. Schools were closed, the army was “at ease,” slaves were let off their duties and allowed to “supplant” their masters, friends visited each other, processions of people danced through the streets in masks, hats or blackened faces—there was a Lord of Misrule who presided over the festival—and each household chose a mock king to preside over the festivities. Another popular holiday on the Roman calendar, Kalendae or Kalends (literally, “the first of the month”), or “New Year’s Day,” was only a few days beyond the Saturnalia. Kalends was dedicated to the two-headed god, Janus, who looked forward to the future and backward to the past. It was celebrated with a feast, garlands of evergreens and the exchanging of small gifts, particularly of lamps with which to light one’s path into the future. December 25th, the winter solstice by the Julian calendar, the day of the least sunlight of the year, was the day on which day many sun-worshiping pagans worshiped the sun (lest the sunlight should disappear altogether); they also held festivals shortly thereafter in gratitude for lengthening days. This date, December 25th, had early been identified with both the Persian sun-god, Mithras, the god of light, truth and righteousness (represented by a bull) and the Syrian god, Sol Invictus,(the unconquered sun)celebrated with feasting, masquerades, a relaxation of order and temporary role reversals. December 25th was also the birthday of the lesser known Phoenician sun and fertility god, Baal (who was also represented by a bull). After AD 274/5, the Emperor Aurelian combined the nativity/god-men/savior cult observances of Apollo, Attis, Baal, Dionysus, Helios, Hercules, Horus, Mithra, Osiris, Perseus, and Theseus, into one, the Dies Natilus Invictus Solis (“Birthday of the Unconquered Sun”) celebrated on December 25th and concerned with the death and rebirth of the sun.
Reposted byKerisha Kerisha

December 09 2014

surveyork
14:03
It's a book that encourages readers to murder women for entertainment. The incentive is to commit sexual violence against women, then abuse or kill them to proceed or get 'god' points – and now Target are stocking it and promoting it for your Xmas stocking.

November 01 2014

surveyork
17:53

October 17 2014

surveyork
15:27
Claims that atheists are trying to ban Underwood's song "Something in the Water" are faulty on multiple levels. No atheists have complained about the song's content; and Underwood's remarks implying otherwise were made years prior to the track's release and in response to a completely unrelated question.

September 06 2014

surveyork
04:58

July 19 2014

surveyork
22:38

July 16 2014

surveyork
23:31

May 21 2014

surveyork
21:42
surveyork
21:42

May 19 2014

surveyork
20:50

April 04 2014

surveyork
15:16

April 03 2014

surveyork
09:48
surveyork
09:44

March 27 2014

surveyork
06:44

March 20 2014

surveyork
03:40

March 10 2014

surveyork
19:20

February 08 2014

surveyork
19:07
Two experts from Tel Aviv University's Department of Archaeology and Near Easter Cultures, Dr Erex Ben-Yosef and Dr Lidar Sapir-Hen used radiocarbon dating to pinpoint the moment when domesticated camels first appeared in the southern Levant and found the date fell in the 9th century BC, not the 12th as previously thought. The finds further highlight the discrepancy between Biblical texts and verifiable history and undermines claims that the Bible is a faithful account of actual events. 

January 22 2014

surveyork
23:28

Joshua Black, a candidate for state representative, voiced his agreement that "it's time to arrest and hang him high," then went on to state, "This would be exactly what the President has done to others, and, as Jesus said, 'the measure ye mete, it shall be meted to you again.'"

Black's rhetoric is unusually outrageous, but it's just the latest example in a pattern of conservative Republicans exploiting Christianity to advance a hateful agenda and vilify President Obama.

A few Republicans in Florida have begun to criticize Joshua Black's comments, but if the Republican Party is serious about putting an end to this kind of offensive rhetoric, they need to publicly denounce Black's candidacy and assure voters that he won't receive any support from the party.

Denounce candidate who used Jesus' words to incite violence against President Obama | Faithful America

January 19 2014

surveyork
18:44
(Reuters) - A Maryland mother and another woman charged with murdering two of the mother's small children believed they were performing an exorcism at the time of the killing, police said on Saturday.

The two children, Norell Harris, 1, and Zyana Harris, 2, suffered multiple stab wounds at a townhouse in Germantown, Maryland, Montgomery County Police said in a statement. Their siblings, ages 5 and 8, were injured and hospitalized, police said.

January 18 2014

surveyork
15:27
THE BEST CHURCH OF ALL TIME!!!!!
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